Water Cooling System | Types | Working

Hello readers, welcome to all of you in another new post, today we will know what is water cooling in vehicles. How does this work? And how many types are there, so let’s know about the water cooling system.

 

 

Water cooling system

As you all know that when the engine runs continuously. So the heat in the engine also increases. And if this heat increases, then it causes many problems in the engine.

So it is necessary. That the engine should be kept at an operating temperature, which is why the cooling system is used in vehicles, one of them is the water cooling system, in which water is used to reduce the heat of the engine.

 

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How Water Cooling System Works

A radiator is mainly used in this system. Water is filled in this radiator. Whereas in the engine, water jackets are made to collect water around the cylinder.

The water filled in the radiator goes to the water jackets made in the engine through rubber hose pipes. And the heat of the cylinder is transferred through this water.

And then this hot water comes back to the radiator. This water cools in the radiator. And back it goes into the water jackets of the engine. It goes on continuously in the form of a cycle. Due to this the engine runs at an operating temperature.

 

What are the types of water cooling systems?

The cooling system is of two types according to the way of conveying water from the radiator to the water jacket of the engine and back to the radiator.

1. Forced Water Cooling System

In this system, the water remains deaf in the radiator. two tanks are made in it, the upper tank and the lower tank, the upper tank is for water. And on this water type cap is used.

 in this tank, a rubber hose pipe is fitted for hot water coming from the water tank of the engine. the lower tank is connected to the water inlet through a rubber hose pipe.

And at this place, a water pump is used. This water pump is driven by a V belt through the crankshaft. The water from the radiator of this pump is conveyed to the water jackets with pressure.

And due to this constant pressure, it reaches back to the radiator taking the heat of the cylinder. Both tanks are connected by copper tubes.

Jig jack fins are attached around these drains, due to which the area of ​​accumulation of air increases.

 

 

Benefits of Forced Water Cooling System

One of the advantages of this type of system is that it can work even if there is less water in the radiator.
Water can be cooled quickly by using a small radiator in it.
The pump may still try to force water into the engine if the water path is blocked.

2 . Thermo siphon system

Water is also used in this type of system. But a water pump is not used in this system. This system works on the Thermo siphon scientific method.

It has this system that hot water is lighter than cold water. And light things float up. In this type of system, the radiator is placed above the engine.

when the engine runs. So the water from the radiator reaches the water jackets made in the engine by siphon rule to equalize its floor all around. And that water gets heated.

Because the water is warm, it floats on top of the cold water. And due to the continuous flow of cold water from the radiator, it rises high and goes back to the radiator’s upper tank.

The hot water in the upper tank cools down again and goes to the water jackets around the cylinder. This cycle goes on continuously.

 

What is a thermostat valve?

This is a valve. Which is used in the water drain of the engine. Through this outlet, only the water comes back to the upper tank of the radiator.

There is a special type of valve. It is filled with liquid. And this liquid converts into steam at a temperature of about 800C. This means that the temperature of the water in the water jackets exceeds 800C when the engine is running.

So the liquid of the thermostat valve is converted into steam and thereby a pressure is generated. Due to this, the valve opens. This opens the path for hot water from the engine to the radiator.

In other cases, this valve remains closed. The advantage of this type of valve is in such places. The places where there is colder. Due to this, the engines are very cold.

In this when the engine initially runs. So the water of the water jacket cannot send the heat generated in the engine outside, thus that heat quickly brings the temperature of the engine to normal temperature.

When the temperature of the engine becomes normal it means is around 800C. So the high-temperature water starts going back to the radiator to cool down. Using this thermostat valve does not cause many difficulties in starting the engine from cold.

 

 

 

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