Clutch | Types | WORKING

You have come here You must have many questions about clutch like what is clutch and how it works. In this post, you will be able to know the clutch very well, friends, welcome to all of you in another post, do you know what is a clutch in an automobile? And how does its mechanism work? In this post, we will know what is clutch and how many Clutch | Types of it is there and how it works, and much more so let us know what is clutch

What is a Clutch | Types

A clutch is a mechanical device that is fitted between the engine and the gearbox. And it works to break and connect the power coming from the engine to the gearbox. When this happens, the engine power does not go directly to the wheels, and the engine is not directly under pressure. Along with this, the vehicle can be stopped at one place even when the engine is running. The main reason for this is mentioned above

The Clutch | Types disengages and connects the engine’s power between the gearbox and the engine as needed. We all know that the power of every vehicle is generated from the engine. And the generated power rotates the crankshaft in the engine. The generated power from the crankshaft is transmitted through the clutch to the gearbox. And further, this power goes through the propeller shaft and differential to the wheels.

Clutch | Types clutch function


The clutch is fitted between the flywheel and the gearbox. The flywheel is usually attached to the crankshaft, which is rotated by engine power. When the clutch pedal is pressed, the clutch brakes the power to the engine and the gearbox. Due to this, the power does not reach the gearbox. And the gears are shifted easily. Because at this time the gears are rotating freely and there is no force on them. The main function of the clutch is to transmit the generated power coming from the engine to the gearbox by breaking and connecting it. So that the power can be used as required.


Definition – Clutch is a mechanism that transmits engine torque from one shaft to another in the gearbox. Temporarily connects engine and gearbox via the clutch



Read more   Automotive Engine | an overview | Types

types of clutch

Clutch | Types

Friends, till now, about 5 Clutch | Types have been used in vehicles, known one by one.

what is a single-plate Clutch Type?


1 single plate clutch

A single plate clutch is a type of friction clutch. In this type of clutch, the transmission of power is through friction. A plate is used in this. And the friction material is used on both sides of this plate. Single plate clutch has a high surface coefficient and friction. It is also called a dry clutch. It does not use any lubricant. Used in most vehicles it is also known as a solid or disc clutch

Parts of Single Clutch Plate

Multiple parts are used in a single clutch plate. All these parts are arranged in systematic order. The clutch plate is attached to the hub between the flywheel and the pressure plate. The clutch plate has very small and large parts, some of which have 5 main parts –


Flywheel – Flywheel is made of cast iron containing graphite. And its surface is very soft. And in this also friction material is used. This is the part of the clutch that is attached to the crankshaft of the engine. And this is where the transmission of power takes place through the clutch.


clutch plate

This is the main part of the clutch component. The clutch plate is mainly made of steel. And both its friction material is coded for the friction material. This codling is made of cork, fabric, asbestos Ferodo, etc. Which causes friction in it. It is designed in this way. So that there is no slipping and transmission of torque can be done well


Cast iron is used to make the pressure plate. It is attached to the outer edge of the diaphragm spring by a retractor clip. And with the strap plate flexibly fitted with the clutch cover, at the same time the clutch plate is also attached, and the pressure plate applies pressure to the clutch. By which the surface contact of the flywheel and clutch plate is maintained properly


Torsion Spring –

Torsion slots are provided between the spline hub and the clutch plate’s retaining spring into which the torsion springs are fitted. When the clutch rotates, this spring spline exerts a force on the hub and the hub rotates so that the power reaches the gearbox in a good manner.


Operating Mechanism

Under this, there are components like the clutch pedal, lever, bearing, linkage, etc. All these components are connected in a sequence, the foot pedal remains inside the automobile. and the lever mechanism is attached to the foot pedal

Working of the single Clutch Types

The working of a single plate clutch is normal, it is such a mechanism. One that engages and disengages the clutch By pressing and realizing the clutch pedal, the clutch is easily engaged and disengaged because the lever is attached to the clutch pedal, allowing transmission of torque when the clutch pedal is pressed. So the pressure is created on the spring and the engine is able to move smoothly without any load, along with this the clutch thrust bearing gets moved forward. And the pressure plate moves backward. Due to this, the connection between the flywheel and the clutch is broken. And the shaft gets disengaged due to which gears are changed easily in the automobile.

Conversely, if the clutch is to be engaged, the clutch pedal is released. Due to this, the compressed spring comes backward. And the pressure plate moves forward and pushes the clutch plate. whereby the clutch friction surface is connected to the flywheel surface and torque is transmitted

advantages of single Clutch Types

The working of this type of clutch is very normal. It enables easy clutch engagement and disengagement.

The slipping problem is very less in single plate clutch. And the power loss is very less

In this machine, the problem of heat generation is reduced.

They act as safety devices. and protect other engine parts from damage

Coolant is not used in this as it generates less heat.

disadvantages of single plate clutch

Torque transmission capacity in single plate clutch is less as compared to other clutches

They are larger in size compared to the amount of torque they transmit

Because it is a dry clutch. So, for this reason, its maintenance has to be taken care of. Also, there should not be any moisture in it.



 multi-plate clutch

In this type of clutch, more than one plate and pressure clutch is used. This clutch also works like a single plate. And all the parts are almost the same. This clutch is used in light vehicles.

Like scooters, motorcycles, etc. In this, all the clutch plates have a lining mounted in a full circle. And the same pressure plate is applied to them. This is the biggest feature of this clutch. That their diameter can be kept handy by using more clutch plates in it.

For this, the clutch spring can also be used to pressurize the pressure plates. Its clutch plates avoid quick wear. This clutch type is a clutch assembly. so can be fitted in a small space

Types of the multi-plate clutch

There are three types of multiple plate clutches which are as follows

Spring Multi Plate Clutch

diaphragm multi-plate clutch

hydraulic multi-plate clutch

Diaphragm Spring –

Diaphragm springs are disc-shaped springs, there is a hole in the middle, and radian direction slips are made, the movement of the diaphragm spring is connected to the diaphragm spring and clutch cover by the rabbits of the two wire rings on either side of it. The assembly of the plate diaphragm spring and the clutch cover is called pressure plate assembly. And they are attached to the flywheel by bolts, and the flywheel and the pressure plate assembly act as one unit. When axial force is applied at the center of the spring, its outer edge is in the opposite direction, then the spring again comes back to the same position.


 multi-plate clutch working

Spring Type – This type of clutch has a cover attached to the flywheel. In this cover, there are components like multiple clutch plates, thrust bearings, pressure plates, etc. Multiple clutch plates are mounted on a splined shaft, in which a pressure plate is used. In which the outer sleeve of pressure is connected to the paddle fork. whenever the pedal is pressed. So the pressure plate moves outwards. Due to this, the clutch gets disengaged. the pressure plate is used to connect with clutch plates and engage and disengage the clutch Also thrust spring is used on the back side of the pressure plate. When the clutch pedal is depressed. At that time the thrust spring compresses. At that time the contact between the clutch plate and the pressure plate is broken. causing clutch disengage

diaphragm multi-plate clutch

A diaphragm spring is used in a diaphragm multi-plate clutch. When the clutch remains engaged. At that time the fins in the clutch maintain contact between the flywheel and the clutch. And as the pedal is released. At that time the pressure is released from the diaphragm spring. And the clutch gets disengaged from the flywheel, this type of clutch is used in modern cars and bikes.

Hydraulic Operated and Automated Clutch

This is a modern Clutch-type. This type of clutch is used in those vehicles. An automatic transmission system is used, and a hydraulic device is used in it. It uses highly compressed fluid. The hydraulic device is operated with the accelerator pedal. The special thing about this is that it is operated with this type of clutch accelerator pedal. When the accelerator pedal is pressed. So at that time by giving hydraulic fluid pressure, the clutch engages and disengages as per the requirement, torque transmission is better in an automatic clutch. It is considered the best.

 cone clutch

This is an old Clutch | Types clutch mechanism, in which two members are used. And when these members come in frictional contact with each other, then the frictional force is generated. Due to this, the torque is then the transmission of power. Also, the clutch pedal is used to engage and disengage both members. In this type of clutch, inner and outer corners are used. The inner cone is mounted on the clutch shaft of the gearbox. It stays through the grooves made on the shaft. And it is moved while disengaging along with rotating the shaft. and bolts with outer cone flywheel

fitted by. There is a lining on the inner part of the outer cone and the outer part of the outer cone. The inner cone is attached to the outer by a spring.

Parts and Cone Clutch Types


female cone members

It is connected to the flywheel of the engine. And it rotates with the flywheel. Grooves are made on their inner surface. And the main grooves are interconnected with these grooves. Frictional contact is formed between the male cone and the female contact. whereby the clutch enters the engaged state

mail cone members

It is connected to the transmission shaft. and the frictional material is attached to its outer surface when the clutch pedal is released. So the spring on the cone is extended due to which the cone moves forward. And it connects to the female cone. And the clutch engages.


These thrust springs are used to engage and disengage the clutch in the mail cone. When the clutch pedal is depressed. So the spring is compressed which causes clutch disengages. And when the clutch pedal is released the springs expand. to which the clutch engages


Female cone which is attached to the flywheel. It is mounted on the solid shaft and the mail cone is mounted on the splined shaft


This mail is attached to the cone. and is mounted on the splined shaft. The motion of the main shaft is carried out through the sleeves.

clutch pedal

This is done through the driver engaging and disengaging the clutch.

Working of cone Clutch Types

When the clutch pedal is released. So a fulcrum is used on the pedals. Which rotates clockwise, it pushes the sleeves forward. Due to this, the male cone is connected to the female cone through frictional force. And the clutch engages. And the power is transmitted. and when the clutch pedal is depressed. So the fulcrum rotates anti-clockwise. And the sleeve comes back. With which the mail cone gets disengaged


 Electromagnetic clutch


this is also a Clutch | Types In this Clutch system, there is a provision to supply current from the battery to the copper winding above the FLV. There is a clutch release switch mounted on the gear lever. So when the switch is on, the current of the battery goes into the winding and becomes an electromagnet.


 5 vacuum clutch

In this clutch, the vacuum of the manifold is used in the engine, it consists of the following parts –

Selenoid Operated Valve
vacuum cylinder
nonreturn valve



6 dry clutch


what is a dry Clutch-type

Generally, two types of clutches are used in motorbikes. One of these is a dry clutch, which is also called a dry clutch. This type of clutch is rarely used. Because it is very expensive. Dry friction is used for power transmission in the dry clutch. Which it improves the high performance of a vehicle

dry Clutch-type working

In the dry clutch, dry friction is used to transmit power from the input shaft to the output shaft, in which no oil of any kind is used. While a wet clutch is used in most bikes, some bikes Ducati company uses the dry clutch.

What is the benefit of a dry Clutch-type

A dry clutch is used for high performance
It gets engaged quickly. which does not cause power loss

the disadvantage of the dry Clutch-type

It is cooled by air. And it remains open on the outside. due to which dust accumulates in it
it has more noise
Dry clutches are much more expensive. And their maintenance cost is high

Is a dry clutch better than wet one?
A dry clutch is rarely used. In only a few bikes, it is mainly used for high performance. But the wet clutch is used in most vehicles, in some conditions it is better than a wet clutch. As it gets engaged quickly, there is no power loss.




7 centrifugal clutch

this is one of Clutch | Types Centrifugal clutch is type of clutch. Centrifugal force is used to connect the driving shaft and transmission shaft to the engine. Its main function is to connect the engine shaft and transmission shaft to enable power transmission.

Centrifugal Clutch Parts


This is a type of sliding type. The guide is used with this. Due to this, it does slide. The shoes consist of friction lining on their outer surface. Simultaneously, the friction lining makes contact with the inner surface of the drum, due to which the clutch engages

Spring –

When the engine is running at low speed. At that time the clutch is disengaged with the help of a spring. And the clutch is engaged by the extension of the spring.

spider  –

It is also known as a guide. The spiders are mounted on the driver shaft of the engine. A biscuit space In this type of clutch, this space is 900  and each spider is fitted with a single spring. With the help of which the clutch is engaged and disengaged.

friction lining- 

Friction lining is used on the outside of the outer section of slide shoes. This is the main component. Due to this contact is made with the inner section of the drum. Due to this the clutch engages and disengages.


the drum of the clutch act as housing which encloses all the parts of the clutch that include sliding shoe spring, guides, etc it is connected to the driven shaft of the transmission system chain or belt

 centrifugal Clutch working

When the engine starts spinning. Then the inner assembly of the centrifugal clutch also starts rotating along with the engine. But the drum remains stationary and no power is transmitted whenever the engine speed is reduced, the centrifugal force produced by the engine at that time. It is less than the spring force. Due to this the clutch is in the disengage position. And as the engine power increases. So the centrifugal force also increases. And spring rises even more than force. Due to this, the friction lining on the shoes clings to the drum. Thereby the clutch engages with the drum. Power is transmitted between the drive shaft and the transmission shaft.

Advantage of a centrifugal Clutch-type

It is simple on the basis of texture. Because fewer components are used in it as compared to another clutch. Due to this, the cost mentioned is also less in it.

This type of clutch is automatic, it does not require any separate mechanism to control it.

its engagement speed can be controlled by selecting the appropriate spring

Centrifugal clutch prevents the engine from stalling

disadvantages of the centrifugal Clutch-type

There are more chances of slipping in the centrifugal clutch. Due to excessive load on the engine, the chances of friction material slip increase. Chances of getting off power loss increase

Centrifugal clutches are not capable of transmitting a high amount of power whenever the load in the engine is high. So there is a problem of slip off the shoes in the clutch.

Centrifugal clutch overheating due to increased load in the engine



8 dog clutch


what is a dog clutch?

Dog clutch is also known as dog gear.  the dog is used as well as spline is cut into it. It is also known as a dog clutch, this Clutch | Types are used in automatic transmissions and in addition in racing cars. Because it engages very quickly. Due to this, the risk of power loss in it remains negligible.

dog clutch working transmission

this is the Clutch | Types  In this, dogs are used between the driving shaft and the driving shaft, its working is also like another clutch. When there is no pressure on the clutch pedal. So the clutch remains engaged. Due to this, the power continues to be transmitted. The splines of the driving shaft and the driving shaft engage with each other. To disengage the same, pressure is given on the clutch pedal. Due to this the spline engaged on the drive shaft and driving shaft disengages and the power supply stops.

Advantage and dog Clutch-type

The chances of slipping in this Clutch | Types are very less. Because friction material is not used in this, which makes this clutch is quick. Capacity  Power is very high to transmit torque in this clutch

In this clutch, there is no heating problem while engaging and disengaging the clutch. Because no friction material is used in it.

 The disadvantage of the dog Clutch | Types

In this, there is a problem in engaging and disengaging the clutch when the engine is at high speed. This clutch is used very rarely in automobiles.




How does the clutch work?

When the engine rotates, the flywheel also rotates. In this case, the clutch plate is connected to the flywheel by axle force. At this point, the flywheel and the clutch plate are in between. A frictional force is applied. And the clutch plate starts rotating with the flywheel. As the axle force increases, the frictional force also increases. And in this condition, the flywheel and clutch plate rotates at the same speed and do not slip together. And the clutch is fully engaged. To engage the clutch low, the axle force is applied through a pressure plate. And the clutch pedal is used.


what have you learned?

In this post, you have learned what is clutch. How many clutch-type there? And how do they work, hope this post has helped you. Friends, how did you like the information, send us your suggestions in the comment box and share them with other people as well and if you have any questions in your mind then you can ask us by commenting. FOLLOW US ON FACEBOOK AND INSTAGRAM

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